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European Population Conference

Year of publication1993
Publisher(s)United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Information Service
Place of publicationGeneva
Number of pages447
This volume contains opening statements for the 1993 European Population Conference that was jointly organized by the UN Economic Commission for Europe (ECC), the Council of Europe (CE), and the UN Population Fund (UNFPA). The conference aimed to review, examine, and analyze key population-related issues in the region's countries, to evaluate the implementation of population-related policies, and to prepare a set of recommendations on key population-related issues and policies. Basic documents are provided on the five conference themes: international migration, fertility and the family, health and mortality, population growth and age structure, and international cooperation in the field of population. Conference attendants included representatives from European countries, Argentina, Australia, Egypt, the Holy See, Japan, New Zealand, UN agencies, and 61 nongovernmental organizations. The volume includes statements by the executive secretary or directors of the ECC, the EC, the UNFPA, and SAREC. The position paper on fertility and the family was prepared by Louis Roussel, scientific advisor for the Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques. He concludes that the family appears to be a contractual undertaking between two equal partners. There is a convergence in completed fertility, which is stable between 1.7 and 2.0. Early marriage is common only in the East. Divorce is low only in the South. The North has considerable cohabitation rates and extramarital births. Convergence to norms of the North and West is expected. The health and mortality position paper is presented by Marek Okolski, Department of Economics at Warsaw University. George C. Myers, Center for Demographic Studies, Duke University, discussed population growth. David A. Coleman, Oxford University, discussed international migration. Halvor Gille of the UNFPA discussed international cooperation.
Filed under: demographics