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Cento idee per lo sviluppo.

Anno di pubblicazione1998
Pubblicato daMinistero dell’Economia e delle Finanze
Dipartimento per le Politiche di Sviluppo e Coesione
Between 1997 and 1998, a new planning strategy was adopted by the Italian government. Beginning from this period, decisions about how to use public resources for development policies are supposed to be the result of a negotiation between all the involved stakeholders. Thus, in 1998, before the European structural funds 2000-2006 programme initiate, the Department for Development and Cohesion Policies promoted some meetings to gather all the proposals supporting regional development in Italian depressed areas. 100 Ideas for Development summarizes the outcome of those meetings, namely all the proposals presented by national government, regions, local administrations, social stakeholders, specialists and universities. The acquire material and the former experience about strengthens and weakness of structural fund programme 1994-1999 planning have been used to better define the structural funds 2000-2006 activities. The clue that define structural funds 2000-2006 planning were, so, concert and partnership between depressed area stakeholders. Since territory become the landmark of the development policy, resources from structural funds 2000-2006 are just one of the different financial instruments to be used. 100 Ideas for Development is divided into six parts. Part 1 presents a synthesis of the proposals. Part 2 examines the main features of general planning strategy. Part 3 describes needs and opportunities of Italian depressed areas. Part 4 discusses the programme ideas presented by local and regional governments, while Part 5 examine those suggested by Italian central government. Part 6 deals with the proposals of specialist and universities. The paper highlight the importance of involving private resources to support development plans. Putting together with government funds, private resources should strength the efficacy of the programme itself. The paper also seeks to highlight that the effectiveness of the structural funds 2000-2006 programme depends mainly on ex-ante and in-itinere evaluation, as well as the continuous monitoring of the programme from the beginning to the end. In the part devoted to the ideas for development, the paper discusses some proposals for development in depressed Italian northern regions (namely decline industrial, rural and urban areas) presented by regional and central government. In all cases, the paper draw attention to the fact that Regions government focuses on not only in the depressed areas separated from the rest of the territory, but in the depressed areas as a part of the entire regional territory.