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CLIMATE PLAN OF GRENOBLE CONURBATION

The climate plan of Grenoble can be a model for all local authorities in France. © Claire Simon

The local climate plan sets targets for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases for the years 2014, 2020 and 2050 on the territory of Grenoble Alpes Métropole which has committed to go beyond the European objectives. The second phase of the plan started by adopting a new charter consistent with global issues of climate and energy, in which all partners are invited to commit to quantitative targets for reducing emissions of GHG and energy consumption and promoting renewable energy.

I Description of the measure

Title in original language: Plan Climat de la Métro (agglomération grenobloise)

Location of CNA: France

Municipality / regional entity: Métro (communauté d'agglomération Grenoble - Alpes Métropole)

Category of the experience: Action plan
Type(s) of CNA:

Principal nomination: Other type : Territorial policy
Secondary nomination(s): Financial

Thematic field(s):

Principal field: Energy 
Secondary field(s): Transport, Buildings & construction

Spatial scale: Regional (small scale)
Time & duration:

Start date: May 2005
Duration: Still in progress

Key word(s): commitment, Factor 4, partnership

Objectives:

After the results of the period 2004-2007, the Local Climate Plan has set the following objectives: Reduce greenhouse gas emissions of at least 20 % by 2020 compared to 2005 levels, by decreasing energy consumption per capita of 20 % and increasing renewable energy production in the territory to 16 % of the energy consumed (instead of 8 % in 2007). Take action on climate change adaptation, particularly to limit the effects of higher temperatures and low night-time cooling in some urban areas. Intermediate objectives are to decrease of at least 14 % greenhouse gas emissions of the territory by 2014 compared to 2005 levels, both for bigger emitters and for other sectors (residential, transport, tertiary, agriculture and small industry). In other words, the emissions will be under 2 million teqCO2/year. This objective means to be symbolically less than 5 teqCO2/year/capita in the area. As a reminder, Factor 4 corresponds to emissions below 2 teqCO2/year/capita in 2050.

Activities:

The climate plan has three axis: - Engage key stakeholders: the partnership approach, to mobilize the local actors around common objectives, and make their actions visible and coherent. By endorsing a charter of commitment for 2009-2014 they engage on a voluntary basis, by setting their own targets. The coordination, assistance and monitoring are provided with the assistance of the local agency for energy and climate. The observatory monitors consumption and emissions on the territory. All the partners meet in a forum every six months. The scientific council, composed of renowned experts in the fields of science, technology, economics, finance, sociology, urban planning and housing, advises the Metro for its policies to aim for the "Factor 4". - Implement the action plan of the Metro: the internal process, to meet the commitments of the Metro. It is structured by the Cit'ergie label - Engage citizens: the public process, to mobilize, support, inspire action for the citizens

Results:

The Metro has been awarded the Cit'ergie label in December 2007. This label rewards the local authority for the quality of its climate plan. The actions of the Metro are implemented in numerous fields: - own buildings and equipments - economic development - transport and mobility - housing - waste collection and treatment - wastewater treatment - natural areas - internal organization - urban planning and major projects - mobilization of local actors

II Assessment criteria

Mitigation effects: Very high

The changes of values for 2009 compared to 2005 are: Energy consumption: - 4,5 % (greater industries: - 15 %, other industries: - 7 %, housing: + 3 %, tertiary sector: - 3 %, agriculture: - 2 %, transport of people: - 2 %, transport of goods: - 1 %), for a total of savings of 520 GWh/year Greenhouse gas emissions: - 6 % (greater industries: - 29 %, other industries: - 13 %, housing: - 3 %, tertiary sector: - 9 %, agriculture: - 1 %, transport of people: - 6 %, transport of goods: - 5 %) Production of renewable energy: 993 GWh (9 % of energy consumption), of which hydroelectricity: 42 %, wood 29 %

Impacts on adaptation: Very positive

Adaptation to climate change is one of the objectives of the climate plan. Several actions are implemented (natural areas, tree planting, presence of water in parks, working group on adaptation in buildings, awareness, …)

Impacts on environment:


- Landscape: Neutral
- Alpine ecosystems / biodiversity: Neutral
- Water / soil / air: Very positive
- "Other": None

A study on a specific zone for air protection is in progress, and air quality will be included in the climate plan.

Impacts on society:


- Social justice: Very positive
- Regional / cultural identity: Neutral
- "Other": None

Refurbishement works subsidies helped to diminish energy poverty. Information of actors and citizens on energy and climate will help to reduce energy consumption and expenses.

Impacts on economy:


- Employment / job creation: Positive
- Added value / income: Positive
- Know how / competitiveness: Positive
- "Other": None

Lots of actions require investments which have a positive impact on employment. These investments allow to diminish energy expenses and so create income, and help to develop a specific know-how.

Public relations impact and awareness-raising: Very high

Many tools exist to promote the exchange of experience, information, develop a common culture: - forums of the climate plan are held every six months and meet all the signatories of the charter. 70 to 100 people meet during this day of work and exchange. - the experiences of partners are shared through good example presentations - newsletters - training and mobilization of employees: workshop on eco-friendly actions - extranet: collaborative web platform which aims to improve the visibility of partners' actions, dissemination of information within the network, and promote exchanges between the partners.

Transferability: Very high

This project has been possible due to a strong political will, with actors implied for several years on energy efficiency and climate change mitigation. It is transferable as soon as there is this political will, in the long term, and that the corresponding measures are implemented.

Cross sectoral and integrative approach: Very high

This climate plan combines direct actions, partnership with actors, involvement of citizens in every sector and includes air quality and adaptation to climate change.

Good governance: Very high

The partners implied in the project included local and regional authorities, public and private companies, hospitals, professional unions, public agencies in the field of energy, air quality, urban planning, NGOs, social housing companies and unions, universities, facilities, energy providers, public transport companies. There has been participation in european projects, and commitments such as Cit'ergie and the convenant of mayors.

III Executive body and contact information

Executive body: Administration

"Grenoble Alpes Métropole" is the second urban area after Lyon in Rhone-Alpes. It federates 28 municipalities around the goal to improve the daily lives of its 400 000 inhabitants, by developing major projects, animating political action, developing the territory, performing equipments, in the fields of economic development, transport, protection of the environment, housing and urban solidarity.

Contact person(s):

Name: Hélène Poimboeuf
Institution: Grenoble Aples Métropole
Address: 3, rue Malakoff 38000 Grenoble
Phone: +33 4 76 59 59 59
Email: helene.poimboeuf@la-metro.org

Online information:

http://planclimat.lametro.fr
http://www.lametro.fr http://www.alec-grenoble.org

 

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