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Mont Blanc Express- Copyright K Payot

1 - Diagnostics of greenhouses gases (GHG) has been conducted by the end of 2010- early 2011 in order to identify the larger emission elements 2- Public consultation to define concrete solutions. It has been organised around four main sectors: - Transportation and mobility - City planning and housing - Consumption and waste management - Awareness and tourism 3- Presentation of the action plan in June 2012 for a realisation until 2020

I Description of the measure

Mer de glace - Copyright T Breillot

Title in original language: Plan Climat Energie Territorial

Location of CNA: France

Municipality / regional entity: Communauté de Communes Vallée de Chamonix-Mont-Blanc

Category of the experience: Action plan
Type(s) of CNA:

Principal nomination: Other type : Technical: action plan to reduce and adapt the territory
Secondary nomination(s): Financial

Thematic field(s):

Principal field: Energy 
Secondary field(s): Transport, Buildings & construction, Tourism

Spatial scale: Regional (small scale)
Time & duration:

Start date: February 2009
Duration: 2010 - 2020

Key word(s): adaptation, awareness, building, Climate change, construction, consumption, ecotourism, education, energy, GHG, local products, local services, mountain, partnership, reduction, short circuit, ski resort, tourism, transport, waste


- Reduce by 20 % the energy consumption - Reduce by 20 % the emissions - Increase by 20 % the part of renewable energy - Adapt the territory to climate change


The action plan will be presented in a public meeting the first of June 2012 during the event "Mont Blanc Versant Durable: meetings of the sustainable tourism". The action plan is divised in five domains: -Transport & Travel -Land use & Housing -consumption and waste -Tourism -Nature


On progress with the year 2020 in objective

II Assessment criteria

Vallee - Copyright T Breillot

Mitigation effects: Very high

• Development of renewable energies: development of the wood-energy industry, construction of collective wood-boilers, project of a photovoltaic farm, study of micro-hydroelectric potential. • Spatial and Land Planning: Funding for renewable energies in Chamonix and in Les Houches, Bonus of a 20 percent reduction in ground rates for energy efficient buildings in Chamonix and Les Houches; Exemption from ad valorem tax on buildings (Taxe Foncière sur les Propriétés Bâties, TFPB) for all renovations of buildings meeting energy performance criteria in Les Houches; Integration of mitigation objectives in planning documents. • Transportation: Voluntary policy in favour of public transportation, development of a « tram-train » (1 train every 30mn) to be in operation by the end of 2013; Implementation of a soft mobility plan in progress; project in progress to provide each bus with a bicyke rack to encourage intermodality •Waste Management: waste sorting, composting

Impacts on adaptation: Very positive

• Natural hazards: monitoring programme on the evolution of natural hazards, especially those linked to climate change (Risknat) • Preservation of biodiversity: creation of a forest charter aimed at the sustainable management of forests; three natural reserves in the Valley; hosting and organisation of a national conference on biodiversity in 2010; progress towards ‘green spaces’ that provide ecological corridors. • Tourism: development of an “examplary eco-tourism valley” project adapting the tourism sector of the local economy to the challenges of climate change. • Awareness: awareness programmes in schools on climate change, its consequences and the need to adopt more eco-conscious behaviour. Continuously raising the awareness of inhabitants and tourists.

Impacts on environment:

- Landscape: Very positive
- Alpine ecosystems / biodiversity: Very positive
- Water / soil / air: Very positive
- "Other": None

The main impact is on the air quality of the valley. More widely, we inhance all territories actors to plan a larger action on the different aspects of sustainable developpment: water, waste, biodiversity, etc.

Impacts on society:

- Social justice: Positive
- Regional / cultural identity: Very positive
- "Other": None

The main impact on the society is the reflexion on a common identity thanks to the federative program which is the climate plan.

Impacts on economy:

- Employment / job creation: Positive
- Added value / income: Positive
- Know how / competitiveness: Very positive
- "Other": None

Three jobs have been created directly connected to the climate plan.

Public relations impact and awareness-raising: Very high

Many public meeting had been organised. All informations are related on the territory website. Workshops for public consultation allowed a good impregnation of the project for all actors, and to think together about the actions which have to be done to reach the decided target.

Transferability: Very high

The Valley of Chamonix-Mont-Blanc is the first mountain territory to put in place a climate plan and also the first ski resort to think about and put in place actions of adaptation.

Cross sectoral and integrative approach: Very high

The cross sectoral and integrative approach is very important for this kind of project. Project leaders and managers work together with their territory colleague to reach the validated targets. As an exemple, integration of energy and climate criterias for land planning, introduction of a soft mobility scheme for public transportation. etc.

Good governance: Very high

The action plan has been created by the work of the local actors: local people, companies, associations, workers of the community, school etc. They are a part of the project. Without them, it would not exist.

III Executive body and contact information

Executive body: Administration

The Communauté de Communes de la Vallée de Chamonix-Mont-Blanc gathers four municipalty in the valley. It works for a capacity bulding of the following competences: spatial planing, economic developpment, environmental protection and valorisation, energy saving, housing politic, sports and cultural equipements, social affairs, water treatment.

Contact person(s):

Name: Communauté de Communes de la Vallée de Chamonix-Mont-Blanc
Institution: Collectivité territoriale
Address: 101, place du triangle de l'amitié 74400 Chamonix-Mont-Blanc
Phone: 04 50 54 39 76

Other contact persons:

Other contact person: Corinne Saltzmann - Responsible Climate Plan, Ecotourism and Sustainable Development - 04 50 54 54 70 -

Online information:

Website of the programm 3x20: This website allows to know which people are partners of the climate plan of the valley. It is a mean to follow the reduction of emissions on the territory. Website of the collectivity: Particulary in the Plan Climat page, you will find all the information on the diagnostic and the meetings with people to create the action plan in the different fields. Website of the event Mont Blanc Versant Durable: You will find on this website the presentation and program of the Mont Blanc Versant Durable event and the accompanying program around to adapt the tourist economy to climate change: trainings, workshop etc.

Available documents

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