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Il quadro socio-economico della montagna: la capacità progettuale nelle Comunità Montane (The Socio-Economic Mountain Framework: the Mountain Communities planning capacity)

Anno di pubblicazione2002
Autore(i)A. Camba
Linguait
The Italian public administration involves a number of intermediate entities, that can be either created by legislation, or are left free to the autonomous cooperation of the other authorities. In the first category we can consider first of all the “Mountain Communities” (Comunità Montane), whose size and territorial extension is normally regulated by each Region. Their core competences involve planning powers concerning local economic development; in many cases municipalities –usually very small in Italian mountain regions- have found it useful to delegate mountain communities some of their responsibilities especially concerning the organisation and operation of local public services. The research did by the Italian National Economic and Labour Council offers an evaluation of the Mountain Community planning capacity. The authors analysed the measures and projects carried on by all the 361 Italian Mountain Communities in the period 1998-2002 to know if these intermediate entities were able to create networks between local resources and planning initiatives that facilitate to reach integrated and synergic development aims. The integration of the many measures and projects devote to an area were considered by the authors as the most important clue that could explains the success or failure of the program itself. The volume is divided into two parts. In the first one, the authors examine in detail the socio-economic situation in Italian mountain areas using a set of indicators e.g. population and income by person. In the second one, are presenting the results of the Italian Mountain Communities planning capacity analysis. To perform this task, the authors examine all the projects supported by Mountain Communities. The natural eco-system management, the environment tourism and the infrastructure sector are the main themes consider by Mountain Communities projects. The projects, anyway, attempt to fulfil primary demands like local public transports or education and health services that, frequently, local administrations or Mountain Communities are not able to provide. Thus, in a fragmented institutional framework, the paper seeks to highlight the importance to achieve a sort of agreement between the various local stakeholders which, in the author’s opinion, not only could better interpret the potentialities of the territory, but also transform these capabilities in development projects.
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