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PEATLAND RESTORATION IN THE REGION OF THE ALPS IN BAVARIA

Ödmoos_Traunstein_2008, The Ödmoos in Traunstein, one of the project areas. © Bund Naturschutz

The focus of this measure is to renaturate peatlands. Today 90-95 % of the Bavarian peatlands are strongly degraded, only 1 % is in a natural state. By mineralisation and sagging of the peatlands around 20 t CO2 are degassed per hectar and year. This CO2 output is stopped by re-waterlogging measures. New peatlands are growing with all positive effects on flora and fauna. These intact peatlands help to save CO2 emissions and to store water which is especially important during flood events.

I Description of the measure

Hagspielmoor_Lindau_filling in ditches. Filling in ditches in the Hagspielmoor. © Bund Naturschutz

Title in original language: Moorrenaturierung im bayerischen Alpenraum

Location of CNA: Germany

Municipality / regional entity: administrative districts of Lindau, Oberallgäu, Ostallgäu, Weilheim, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen, Miesbach, Rosenheim, Traunstein

Category of the experience: Measure
Type(s) of CNA:

Principal nomination: Other type : strategic
Secondary nomination(s): Technological , Other type: restoration of natural conditions

Thematic field(s):

Principal field: Land use 
Secondary field(s): , Other field: water management

Spatial scale: Regional (large scale)
Time & duration:

Start date: in the 1980s
Duration: still ongoing

Key word(s): peatland restoration, reduction of greenhouse gases, water retention for flood prevention
Objectives:

Aim of the peatland-restoration is to restore natural habitats with positive effects on flora and fauna and on CO2 saving. For implementing the different measures, development concepts are issued and mapping work is done. The focus is on 23 peatlands, from the Allgäu Region in the west to Traunstein in the east of the Bavarian Alps. Some of the areas were bought, others leased. All measures are coordinated by Bund Naturschutz (BN) in Bavaria and implemented mainly by volunteers.

Activities:

Wrong ways of use have been removed in these peatland-areas. By re-waterlogging measures growing of peat has been reactivated on 120 ha. This was reached by bottling measures like taking out bushes and young trees and by filling in existing ditches. In addition special cultivation work is done on around 200 ha. For implementing these activities different actors and groups are networked. There is a positive effect on the regional added value, e.g. by including the local farmers in the work. The success of all the measures is communicated via public relation work (newspapers, brochures, website, …), excursions, presentations and environmental education offers. Especially important are awareness-raising activities for kids and youths. There are also positive influences on the region`s image as a destination for sustainable holidays. A further issue is the exchange of knowledge with experts and the transfer of experiences to and from other peatland-areas.

Results:

Re-waterlogging activities dam water and the water level is increasing. Open water areas rise and the growing of peatland is reactivated. Peat creating plants, primary stages of peatland and typical peatland flora and fauna is appearing. Furthermore have the CO2 saving qualities of these re-waterlogged peatland areas been reactivated and enhanced. In sectors with typical peatland vegetation more greenhouse gases get saved today. A better dewatering in these areas is viewable as well. Additionally to the positive effects on biodiversity intact peatlands have a great influence on the mass balance because of their filter qualities. The nutritional supplement in these areas gets less, nitrate, sulphate, sulphide in the groundwater are absorbed. Peatlands have furthermore positive effects on the small-scale climate. The renaturation measures have strengthened the unique landscape in the Alpine foothills, also with positive influences on the quality of life for domestic people and tourists.

II Assessment criteria

Mitigation effects: Very high

By peatland restoration activities the CO2 output is dammed and even more, the CO2 saving qualities in the restored areas are reactivated and enhanced.

Impacts on adaptation: Positive

A correct use of peatlands has positive ecological effects and an increased climate change adaption, e.g. more CO2 is saved and the water retention qualities are improved. This is especially positive within flood events.

Impacts on environment:


- Landscape: Very positive
- Alpine ecosystems / biodiversity: Very positive
- Water / soil / air: Very positive
- "Other": None

Additionally to the positive effects on biodiversity intact peatlands have a great influence on the mass balance because of their filter qualities. The nutritional supplement in these areas gets less, nitrate, sulphate, sulphide in the groundwater are absorbed.

Impacts on society:


- Social justice: Positive
- Regional / cultural identity: Very positive
- "Other": None

The renaturation measures have strengthened the unique landscape in the Alpine foothills, also with positive influences on the quality of life for domestic people and tourists.

Impacts on economy:


- Employment / job creation: Neutral
- Added value / income: Positive
- Know how / competitiveness: Very positive
- "Other": None

For implementing these activities different actors and groups are networked. There is a positive effect on the regional added value, e.g. by including the local farmers in the work. Knowledge on peatland restoration emerges and remains in the region.

Public relations impact and awareness-raising: Very high

The success of all the measures is communicated via public relation work (newspapers, brochures, website, …), excursions, presentations and environmental education offers. Especially important are awareness-raising activities for kids and youths. There are also positive influences on the region`s image as a destination for sustainable holidays.

Transferability: Very high

A big issue of the work is the exchange of knowledge with experts and the transfer of experiences to and from other peatland areas. Comparable measures can be implemented in every peatland.

Cross sectoral and integrative approach: High

A cross sectoral and intergrative approach is reached by combining measures of the technological and the nature protecion sector as well as of the field of environmental education and awareness-raising.

Good governance: High

Since the Bund Naturschutz coordinates the measures with involving different actors and groups many target groups are reached. The Bund Naturschutz has a wide and important public influence.

III Executive body and contact information

Felmer_Moos_Oberallgäu. Field work in the Felmer Moos peatland. © Bund Naturschutz

Executive body: Other private bodies

The executive institution is the Bund Naturschutz in Bayern e.V. (BN). It is a registered association. The Bund Naturschutz is the biggest and the oldest association for nature protection in Bavaria. Its aim is to preserve the natural basis of life for human beings, animals and plants. All activities are non-profit.

Contact person(s):

Name: Fr. Dr. Christine Margraf
Institution: Bund Naturschutz in Bayern e.V.
Address: Pettenkoferstraße 10a/I, 80336 München
Phone: +49 (0) 89 548298-89 
Email: christine.margraf@bund-naturschutz.de

Online information:

http://www.bund-naturschutz.de Information on the Bund Naturschutz in Bavaria.

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