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Examples for typical climate response measures

  • Agriculture: irrigation, change of crops/plants including crops/plants suitable for the production of “bio-fuels”, change of cultivation method, change of farm management, diversification, air-conditioning for animal farms etc.
  • Forestry: afforestation/reforestation, change of forest management, use of wood as building material and a source of energy etc.
  • Water management: hydropower (new and more efficient facilities to produce hydroelectric power), measures to ensure a sufficient water supply (e.g. groundwater, reservoirs, irrigation schemes), flood protection (e.g. spatial planning, structural measures, emergency schemes) etc.
  • Natural hazards management: change of hazard management (incl. more forward-looking approaches), new monitoring systems, adopted hazard mapping, adopted prevention and protection measures, risk transfer mechanisms (e.g. insurance) etc.
  • Nature conservation: measures to protect the natural and cultural landscape of the Alps, measures to support biodiversity, measures to maintain the protective function of alpine ecosystems (in particular forests), measures to regulate aggressive neophytes etc.
  • Energy supply: energy saving measures, energy efficiency (e.g. new technologies), renewable energy (“carbon-free”: solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal heat and “carbon-neutral”: bio-energy = energy derived from biomass), policy options (e.g. carbon/emission/energy taxes) etc.
  • Building industry and housing: new technologies (e.g. more efficient heating and cooling systems, insulation), legal actions (e.g. change of building regulations), incentives for the construction of low-energy houses etc.
  • Transport and mobility: new infrastructure (e.g. new railway line), new products for public transport (e.g. new bus service, “shared taxis”), incentives to increase the use of public transport, innovative mobility concepts, support new technologies (e.g. hybrid vehicles) etc.
  • Tourism: technological measures (e.g. artificial snowmaking), strategic measures (e.g. co-operation, diversification, development of innovative products to reduce the dependency on snow), carbon-neutral holiday offers etc.
  • Spatial planning: forward-looking approaches to include possible impacts of climate change etc.
  • Education: youth projects, awareness campaigns for selected target groups or the general public (e.g. installation of a climate change trail), capacity building (e.g. training courses and seminars for a more efficient energy use) etc.